Kadapa (alternatively spelled Cuddapah) is a city in the Rayalseema region of the south-central part of Andhra Pradesh, India . It is the district headquarters of Kadapa district. As of 2011 Census of India, the city had a population of 344,078. It is located 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) south of the Penna River. The city is surrounded on three sides by the Nallamala and Palkonda Hills lying on the tectonic landscape between the Eastern and Western ghats. Black and Red ferrous soils occupy the region. The city is nicknamed "Gadapa" ('threshold') since it is the gateway from the west to the sacred hills of Tirumala.
Kadapa has been under different rulers in its history, including the Nizams and Cholas, the Vijayanagara Empire and Kingdom of Mysore. The city's name originated from the Telugu word "Gadapa" meaning threshold or gate. It acquired this name with its relation to the Tirumala Hills; one had to pass through Cuddapah in olden days to reach Tirumala Hills. It was spelled "Cuddapah" but was changed to "Kadapa" on 19 August 2005 to reflect the local pronunciation of the name. The land of great temples, Intellectuals, Poets & Philosophers. Also known for its spicy and culinary food.
Religious Places : Ameen Peer Dargah,Kodandarama Temple,Pushpagiri Temple.

Heritage Sites :Belum Caves,Gandikota Fort,Sidhout Fort.

Landmarks :Shilparamam,Palakondalu Water Falls,Pushpagiri.

Shopping :Sree Veerabhadra Swamy Shopping Mall,Dress Circle Shopping Mall,Vijay Shopping Mall Gifts & Novelties&Baby World,The Raymond Shop.

Transport :Kadapa has good road connectivity to the other major places like Hyderabad, Bangalore, Chennai and Vijayawada. APSRTC provides bus services to various destinations of the Kadapa district and other cities across South India. The city has a total road length of 803.84 km.
.Kadapa has its own railway station in the city. It is one of the Earliest Railway station in the state opened around 1866. The Mumbai-Chennai line which happens to be one of the busiest lines in the south cost region passes through Kadapa railway station. It is one of the A category railway station in South Coast Railway zone under Guntakal railway division. A new railway line Kadapa-Bangalore section is under construction stage.